Who Are the Victims?
1 out of every 6 American women has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in her lifetime. Among all victims, about nine out of ten are female.
1 out of every 33 American men has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in his lifetime. About 10% of all victims are male.
Age of sexual assault victims:
15% are under age 12.
29% are age 12-17
44% are under age 18
80% are under age 30
Ages 12-34 are the highest risk years
Girls ages 16-19 are four times more likely than the general population to be victims of sexual assault.
Estimated persons raped in lifetime by gender and race:
17.7% of white women
18.8% of African-American women
6.8% of Asian / Pacific Islander women
34.1% of American Indian / Alaskan Native women
24.4% mixed race women
14.6% of Hispanic women
2.8% of white men
3.3% of African-American men
4.4% of mixed race men
The sample size was too small to estimate for Asian/ Pacific Islander and American Indian / Alaskan Native men
Effects of Rape
100% of completed rapes, 39% of attempted rapes, and 17% sexual assaults against females result in injured victims.
33% of victims sustain minor (bruises and chipped teeth) physical injuries
5% of victims sustain major (broken bones and gunshot wounds) injuries
61% of victims sustain undetermined injuries
Only around 36% of injured victims receive medical care.
82% of those cared for use hospital services
55% use physician services
17% use dental services
19% use ambulatory / paramedic services
17% use physical therapy services
Victims of sexual assault are:
3 times more likely to suffer from depression.
6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
13 times more likely to abuse alcohol.
26 times more likely to abuse drugs.
4 times more likely to contemplate suicide.
About 1 in 11 sexual assault victims reported that they suffered some economic loss as a consequence of the crime.
Occurrence of Sexual Assaults
The number of rapes reported is spread fairly evenly throughout the year, with a slight increase in August (around 9%) and the fewest in December (around 7%).
Time of day sexual assaults occur:
43% between 6:00pm and midnight.
33% between 6:00am and 6:00pm
24% between midnight and 6:00am
Nearly 6 out of 10 sexual assault incidents were reported by victims to have occurred in their own home or at the home of a friend, relative, or neighbor.
Reporting to Police
There were 90,427 forcible rapes reported to police in 2007.
Sexual assault is one of the most under-reported crimes, with an average of 39% being reported to the police each year.
When victims of rape, attempted rape, and sexual assault did not report the crime to the police, the most often cited reasons were:
personal matter (23.3%)
fear of reprisal (16.3%)
police biased (5.8%)
personal matter (16.8%);
fear of reprisal (11.3%);
protect offender (9.9%)
Completed and attempted sexual assault:
personal matter (25.3%);
reported to different official (12.4%);
fear of reprisal (11.3%)
The closer the relationship between the female victim and the offender, the greater the likelihood that the incident will not be reported.
When the offender was a current or former husband or boyfriend, about 75% of all victimization's were not reported to police.
When the offender was a friend or acquaintance, an average 71% were not reported.
When the offender was a stranger, an average 44% were not reported.
Almost 2/3 of sexual assaults are committed by someone known to the victim.
23% of rapists are an intimate
3% are another relative
38% are a friend or acquaintance
31% are a stranger
6% are unknown
Only about 6% of rapists ever serve a day in jail.
The average age of an arrested rapist is 31 years old.
0.6% are 17 years old or younger
54.6% are 18 to 29 years old
28.6% are 30 to 39 years old
8.9% are 40 to 49 years old
7.3% are 50 years old or older
Marital status of arrested rapists.
22.1% are married
1.2% are widowed
28.5% are divorced
6.2% are separated
42% are never married
An average 8% of sexual assaults each year involve the use of a weapon.
2% use a firearm
4% use a knife
2% use another form of weapon
6% are unsure
87% of victims reported the use of physical force only
Convicted rapists made up 1.2% of the 272,111 state prisoners released in 1994, and 46% of these released rapists were rearrested within three years for some type of felony or serious misdemeanor.
2.5% were rearrested for another rape.
In 1999, women accounted for 1 in 50 offenders committing a violent sex offense including rape and sexual assault.
Nearly 6 in 10 of these women serving time in state prisons have experienced physical or sexual abuse in the past.
Offenders in sexual assault murders are about 6 years younger on average than other murderers.
Youth under 18 have accounted for about 10% of the sexual assault murders since 1976.