Statistics


Who Are the Victims?

Gender

  • 1 out of every 6 American women has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in her lifetime. Among all victims, about nine out of ten are female.
  • 1 out of every 33 American men has been the victim of an attempted or completed rape in his lifetime. About 10% of all victims are male.

Age

  • Age of sexual assault victims: 
    • 15% are under age 12.
    • 29% are age 12-17
    • 44% are under age 18
    • 80% are under age 30
    • Ages 12-34 are the highest risk years 
    • Girls ages 16-19 are four times more likely than the general population to be victims of sexual assault. 

Race

  • Estimated persons raped in lifetime by gender and race: 
    • Women
      • 17.7% of white women
      • 18.8% of African-American women
      • 6.8% of Asian / Pacific Islander women
      • 34.1% of American Indian / Alaskan Native women
      • 24.4% mixed race women
      • 14.6% of Hispanic women
    • Men
      • 2.8% of white men
      • 3.3% of African-American men
      • 4.4% of mixed race men
      • The sample size was too small to estimate for Asian/ Pacific Islander and American Indian / Alaskan Native men

Effects of Rape

Physical Injuries
100% of completed rapes, 39% of attempted rapes, and 17% sexual assaults against females result in injured victims.

  • 33% of victims sustain minor (bruises and chipped teeth) physical injuries
  • 5% of victims sustain major (broken bones and gunshot wounds) injuries
  • 61% of victims sustain undetermined injuries

Only around 36% of injured victims receive medical care.

  • 82% of those cared for use hospital services
  • 55% use physician services
  • 17% use dental services
  • 19% use ambulatory / paramedic services
  • 17% use physical therapy services


Mental Health
Victims of sexual assault are: 

  • 3 times more likely to suffer from depression.
  • 6 times more likely to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • 13 times more likely to abuse alcohol.
  • 26 times more likely to abuse drugs.
  • 4 times more likely to contemplate suicide.


Economic
About 1 in 11 sexual assault victims reported that they suffered some economic loss as a consequence of the crime.

  • The average economic loss (in 1997) was about $200
  • Nearly 7% of victims reported losing time from work.
  • An average 233,986 Americans age 12 and older are sexually assaulted each year.
  • Every 2 minutes, someone in the U.S. is sexually assaulted.
  • Learn more about where these statistics come from.

Occurrence of Sexual Assaults

  • The number of rapes reported is spread fairly evenly throughout the year, with a slight increase in August (around 9%) and the fewest in December (around 7%).
  • Time of day sexual assaults occur: 
    • 43% between 6:00pm and midnight.
    • 33% between 6:00am and 6:00pm
    • 24% between midnight and 6:00am
  • Nearly 6 out of 10 sexual assault incidents were reported by victims to have occurred in their own home or at the home of a friend, relative, or neighbor.

Reporting to Police

  • There were 90,427 forcible rapes reported to police in 2007. 
  • Sexual assault is one of the most under-reported crimes, with an average of 39% being reported to the police each year. 
  • When victims of rape, attempted rape, and sexual assault did not report the crime to the police, the most often cited reasons were:
    • Rape:
      • personal matter (23.3%)
      • fear of reprisal (16.3%)
      • police biased (5.8%)
    • Attempted rape:
      • personal matter (16.8%);
      • fear of reprisal (11.3%);
      • protect offender (9.9%)
    • Completed and attempted sexual assault:
      • personal matter (25.3%);
      • reported to different official (12.4%);
      • fear of reprisal (11.3%)
  • The closer the relationship between the female victim and the offender, the greater the likelihood that the incident will not be reported. 
    • When the offender was a current or former husband or boyfriend, about 75% of all victimization's were not reported to police.
    • When the offender was a friend or acquaintance, an average 71% were not reported.
    • When the offender was a stranger, an average 44% were not reported.

The Offenders

  • Almost 2/3 of sexual assaults are committed by someone known to the victim.
    • 23% of rapists are an intimate
    • 3% are another relative
    • 38% are a friend or acquaintance
    • 31% are a stranger
    • 6% are unknown
  • Only about 6% of rapists ever serve a day in jail. 
  • The average age of an arrested rapist is 31 years old.
    • 0.6% are 17 years old or younger
    • 54.6% are 18 to 29 years old
    • 28.6% are 30 to 39 years old
    • 8.9% are 40 to 49 years old
    • 7.3% are 50 years old or older
  • Marital status of arrested rapists.
    • 22.1% are married
    • 1.2% are widowed
    • 28.5% are divorced
    • 6.2% are separated
    • 42% are never married
  • An average 8% of sexual assaults each year involve the use of a weapon.
    • 2% use a firearm
    • 4% use a knife
    • 2% use another form of weapon
    • 6% are unsure
    • 87% of victims reported the use of physical force only
  • Convicted rapists made up 1.2% of the 272,111 state      prisoners released in 1994, and 46% of these released rapists were rearrested within three years for some type of felony or serious misdemeanor.
    • 2.5% were rearrested for another rape.
  • In 1999, women accounted for 1 in 50 offenders committing a violent sex offense including rape and sexual assault.
    • Nearly 6 in 10 of these women serving time in state prisons have experienced physical or sexual abuse in the past.
  • Offenders in sexual assault murders are about 6 years younger on average than other murderers.
    • Youth under 18 have accounted for about 10% of the sexual assault murders since 1976.
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